January 16, 2016

2221 FRANCE (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) - Chartreuse Mountains


Located in southeastern France, the Chartreuse Mountains rises between Grenoble (south), Chambéry (north), Voiron and Saint-Laurent-du-Pont (west) and Grésivaudan Valley. It is the southernmost range in the Jura Mountains and belongs to the French Prealps. The monastic Carthusian Order takes its name from these mountains, where its first hermitage, Grande Chartreuse, was founded in 1084. Also derived from the mountain range's name is that of the alcoholic cordial Chartreuse produced by the monks since the 1740s, and of the chartreuse colour, named after the drink.

The east flank falls abruptly almost 2,000m to the Isère valley, while to the west, the high ground falls away towards the Rhône valley. It is separated from the Vercors upland area to the south also by the Isère river, which swings round to the west at Grenoble on its way towards the Rhône. Above the meadows in the valleys, wooded ridges rise up steeply towards steep limestone cliffs. Above these, may be found a hidden world of high altitude plateaus and valleys, vegetated with grassland and dwarf forest.

The highest summit in the Chartreuse Mountains is Chamechaude (2,082 ), the third most prominent mountain (1,769m) in metropolitan France. Other important summits include Dent de Crolles (2,062m), Grand Som (2026m) and Mont Granier (1,933m). These are limestone mountains with rather large precipices. Mont Granier is known because in the year 1248, a mass of limestone resting on marls slid into the valley, causing a massive landslide that destroyed many villages and caused over a thousand casualties. This event created the sheer 700 m north face of the mountain.

About the stamps


The first stamp, designed by Pierre Forget and issued on September 11, 1995, depicts André Maginot (1877-1932), was a French civil servant, soldier, and Member of Parliament. He is best known for his advocacy of the string of forts that would be known as the Maginot Line.


The last stamp, designed by Jean Gosselin, was issued on January 24, 1995, to celebrate the European Notariat.

References
Chartreuse Mountains - summitpost.org
Chartreuse Mountains - Wikipedia

Sender: Kiko
Sent from Pontcharra (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes / France), on 02.11.2015

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