June 11, 2012

0246 INDIA (Uttar Pradesh) - Taj Mahal (UNESCO WHS)

Architects from Persia and Ottoman Empire, sculptors and masons from Bukhara, Constantinople and Samarkand, stonecutters from Baluchistan, inlayers from southern India, goldsmith from Punjab, calligraphers from Syria and Persia, garden designers from Kashmir, various craftsmen from Baghdad and Shiraz, a master metal worker from Bordeaux, and 20,000 workers recruited across northern India.

Translucent white marble from Makrana, yellow marble from Jaisalmer, red sandstone from Delhi, jasper from Punjab, malachite, jade and crystal from China and Turkestan, turquoise from Tibet, lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, sapphire from Ceylon, carnelian from Arabia, onyx and amethyst from Persia, agate, coral, cat's eye, blood stone, goldstone, zahar-mohra, ajuba, abri, khathu, nakhod, and magnet stone from Tibet, Kumaon, Jaisalmer or Cambay.

Almost 40 hectare on the west bank of the Yamuna River, to the south of the walled city of Agra, the capital of the Mughal emperors for 130 years.

All this for Taj Mahal, the mausoleum built by Shah Jahan (Ruler of Everywhere), the fifth Mughal emperor, in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal (the chosen one of the palace), who died in 1631 at the age of 37, during the birth of their 14th child (in the 18th year of marriage), a daughter named Gauhara Begum, who will live 75 years. 

On the sides of the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, 99 names of Allah can be found as calligraphic inscriptions, which means 99 names of love.

In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and also appears in a poll with 100 million votes on the subject New Seven Wonders of the World

The first stamp is a special commemorative one, issued on September 7, 2011, and depicting folk deity Veer Tejaji Maharaj (1074–1103), revered in entire Rajasthan and Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh by all communities. The second, with the same value (Rs. 5.00), was issued with 4 days before, on September 3, and shows Shri Devnarayan, an ancient Gurjar warrior from Rajasthan who is believed to have been an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The third is also a commemorative stamp, issued on October 12, 2011, with the occasion of 250th Anniversary of the Punjab Regiment.

sender: Rupendra Pal Singh (direct swap)
sent from New Delhi (India), on 18.01.2012

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