May 3, 2016

2056, 2519 ROMANIA (Hunedoara / Alba) - Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains - Sarmizegetusa Regia (UNESCO WHS)

2056 Sarmizegetusa Regia (1)

Posted on 21.11.2015, 03.05.2016
Emperor Trajan announced 123 days of celebrations throughout the Roman Empire, after the defeat of the Dacians and the death of King Decebalus in 106 A.D. Very normal, since a dangerous enemy was eliminated, fabulous riches entered in the treasury, and 100,000 male slaves were sent to Rome. Dacia then contributed 700 million Denarii per annum (about 2.5 billion USD in nowadays) to the Roman economy, providing finance for future campaigns and assisting with the rapid expansion of Roman towns throughout Europe.

2519 Sarmizegetusa Regia (2)

Even if the Romans destroyed the defensive system of the Dacian Kingdom, its extensive and well-preserved remains, standing in spectacular natural surroundings, give even today a dramatic picture of a vigorous and innovative civilization. Built in the 1st centuries B.C. and A.D., these fortresses show an unusual fusion of military and religious architectural techniques and concepts from the classical world and the late European Iron Age.

Six of these fortresses (Sarmizegetusa Regia, Costeşti-Cetăţuie, Costeşti-Blidaru, Piatra Roşie, Bănița and Căpâlna), built in murus dacicus style in the Orăştie Mountains, were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Murus Dacicus (Latin for Dacian Wall) is a mix between Dacian construction methods and methods imported from Greek and Roman architecture and masonry, with some peculiarities that make it unique.

Erected on top of a 1200 m high hill, the town of Sarmizegetusa Regia was the capital and major fortress of the Dacian Kingdom, probably built in the mid first century B.C. It consisted of perimeter walls and fortifications, a sacred precinct, and a settlement area primarily for nobles and supporting servants. The sacred precinct was on the east side of the town, with a prominent plaza and circular shrines. Notable for the time is a distribution system for drinking water that used ceramic pipes.

About the stamps
On the postcard 2056


The stamp is the one issued on November 4 to mark the Christmas 2015. This year, the stamp depicts the image of the Birth of Jesus icon, painted by Gheorghe Tattarescu (1818-1894), the most important Romanian religious painter. The icon of the Nativity of Jesus, illustrated on the stamp with the face value of lei 1.00 is part of the heritage of the Gavrila Simion Institute of Eco-Museum Research Centre in Tulcea, the Institute being named after the great Romanian archaeologist who led a veritable campaign to develop the museums of Dobrudja.

On the postcard 2519
The stamp is one of the two issued on March 23, 2016, to mark Holy Easter 2016:
• The Crucifixion icon from the Putna Monastery (1 RON)
• Easter Flowers (Anemone nemorosa, Anemone ranunculoides, Fritillaria imperialis) (1 RON) - It's on the postcard 2519

References
Dacian Fortresses of the Orăştie Mountains - Wikipedia
Dacian Fortresses of the Orăştie Mountains - UNESCO official website
Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains - cetati-dacice.ro

Sender 2056: Eugen Mihai
Sent from Bucharest (Bucharest / Romania), on 11.11.2015
Photo: Eugen Mihai / July 14, 2015
Sender 2519: Dragoş Cioroboiu
Sent from Deva (Hunedoara / Romania), on 28.04.2016

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