|Fountaining and lava flow |
from the Puʻu ʻŌʻō on January 31, 1984
|Kilauea - Halemaumau fire pit eruption, December 26, 1967|
The park gives scientists insight into the birth of the Hawaiian Islands and ongoing studies into the processes of vulcanism. Volcanic eruptions have created a constantly changing landscape, and the lava flows reveal surprising geological formations. For visitors, the park offers dramatic volcanic landscapes as well as glimpses of rare flora and fauna. Climates range from lush tropical rain forests, to the arid and barren Kaʻū Desert. The park is also rich in archaeological remains particularly along 'the coast with native villages, temples, graves, paved trails, canoe landings, petroglyphs, shelter caves and agricultural areas. Extensive ruins of stone structures dating back to the time of Pa'ao (a high priest) in 1275 are present.
|Kilauea lava show|
Mauna Loa, meaning Long Mountain in Hawaiian, has probably been erupting for at least 700,000 years, and may have emerged above sea level about 400,000 years ago. Mauna Loa is a typical shield volcano in form, taking the shape of a long, broad dome extending down to the ocean floor whose slopes are about 12° at their steepest, a consequence of its extremely fluid lava. Lava eruptions from Mauna Loa are silica-poor, and very fluid; eruptions tend to be non-explosive and the volcano has relatively shallow slopes. Its most recent eruption occurred from March 24 to April 15, 1984. No recent eruptions of the volcano have caused fatalities, but eruptions in 1926 and 1950 destroyed villages, and the city of Hilo is partly built on lava flows from the late 19th century.
|Kilauea and Mauna Loa|
|Kilauea and Mauna Loa|
Puʻu ʻŌʻō, often translated as "Hill of the ʻŌʻō Bird", is a cinder cone in the eastern rift zone of the Kīlauea volcano which has been erupting continuously since January 3, 1983. By January 2005, 2.7 cubic kilometers of magma covered an area of more than 117 square kilometers and added 0.93 square kilometers of land to the Southeast coast of Hawaiʻi. So far, the eruption has claimed 189 buildings and 14 kilometers of highways, as well as a church, a store, the Wahaʻula Visitor Center, and many ancient Hawaiian sites, including the Wahaʻula heiau. The coastal highway has been closed since 1987, as it has been buried under lava up to 35m thick.
About the stamps
On the first postcard
The first stamp, depicting a Navajo Necklace (2c / 2006), is part of the series American Design, about which I wrote here. The second stamp highlights the words Yes, I Do nestled in a colorful bouquet of flowers in the shape of a heart on a white background, and is part of the Wedding series, about which I wrote here. Issued on March 21, 2014, it was designed by Michael Osborne. The last stamp, depicting Shirley Chisholm (1924-2005), is part of the series Black Heritage Series, about which I wrote here.
On the second postcard
The first stamp, depicting a Navajo Necklace (2c / 2006), is part of the series American Design, about which I wrote here. The second stamp is part of the Wedding series, about which I wrote here. The third, depicting the characters Lightning McQueen and Mater from the animated film Cars, belongs to the series Send a Hello (Forever), about which I wrote here.
On the third postcard
The first stamp, depicting Spicebush Swallowtail, is part of a definitive series with butterflies, about which I wrote here. The second is part of the series Building a Nation, about which I wrote here.
On the fourth postcard
The first stamp, depicting a Navajo Necklace (2c / 2006), is part of the series American Design, about which I wrote here. The third is one of the three stamps issued as part of a civil rights series commemorating courage, strength and equality in America, about which I wrote here. The second stamp is part of the Wedding series, about which I wrote here.
On the fifth postcard
The first stamp, depicting a Navajo Necklace (2c / 2006), is part of the series American Design, about which I wrote here.
The second stamp, designed by Charles R. Chickering, was issued on September 21, 1948 to honor the Gold Star Mothers. The American Gold Star Mothers Inc. was formed in the United States shortly after WWI to provide support for mothers who lost sons or daughters in the war. The name came from the custom of families of servicemen hanging a banner called a Service Flag in the window of their homes. Today, membership in the Gold Star Mothers is open to any American woman who has lost a son or daughter in service to the United States. On the last Sunday in September, Gold Star Mother's Day is observed in the U.S. in their honor.
The following two stamps were issued to celebrate the anniversary of the statehood of two states from United States:
2009. 01.14 - the 150th year of Oregon statehood - designed by Gregory Manchess and depicting the state's Pacific coast beaches (0,42 USD)
2012.04.30 - the bicentennial of Louisiana statehood - designed by Phil Jordan after a photograph of Flat Lake taken by C.C. Lockwood (forever)
The fifth stamps is part of the series Progress in Electronics, issued in 1973:
• 0.06 USD
• 0,08 USD - it's on the postcard
• 0,11 USD
• 0.15 USD
The sixth stamp was issued in 1954 with the occasion of Kansas territorial centennial.
The seventh stamp was issued on March 23, 1949, with the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the settlement of Annapolis, Maryland. It shows a map of the Annapolis area showing the water route from the Chesapeake Bay to the Severn River and the original Puritan landing.
The eighth stamp was issued in 1944 to commemorate the Centenary of the telegraph.
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park - Wikipedia
Kilauea - Wikipedia
Mauna Loa - Wikipedia
Sender 1-4: Denise
1: sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 04.02.2014
Photo: J.D. Griggs
2: sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 21.01.2014
3: sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 04.02.2014
Photo: Peter French
4: sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 21.01.2014
Photo: Carol Highsmith
Sender 5: sussanev (postcrossing)
5: sent from Durham (North Carolina / United States), on 15.03.2013