May 5, 2017

3038 RUSSIA (Moscow) - Tsar Cannon - part of Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (UNESCO WHS)

The Tsar Cannon is a large medieval artillery piece on display on the grounds of the Moscow Kremlin, just past the Kremlin Armory. It is a monument of Russian artillery casting art, cast in bronze in 1586 in Moscow, by the Russian master bronze caster Andrey Chokhov. Mostly of symbolic impact, it was never used in a war. Per the Guinness Book of Records it is the largest bombard by caliber in the world. The very low ratio of the length of its barrel to its caliber makes it technically not a cannon, but a stylized mortar.

It weighs 39.312 tonnes and has a length of 5.34 m. Its bronze-cast barrel has an internal diameter of 890 mm, and an external diameter of 1,200 mm. The barrel is decorated with relief images, including an equestrian image of Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich, with a crown and a scepter in his hand on horseback. The cannon-style gun carriage, added in 1835, is purely decorative. The Tsar Cannon was placed at several points around Moscow in its history, being moved to its current location on Ivanovskaya Square near the Tsar Bell in 1860.

Tsar Cannon is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site The Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow, about which I wrote here.

About the stamps
The first stamp is part of the series Flora of Russia. Wild Flowers, designed by Betredinova K. and issued on March 14, 2014. All the stamps are the same face values 15 RUB.
Chamaenerion angustifolium
Lupinus polyphyllus
Cichorium intybus
Matricaria recutita - It's on the postcard 3038

The second stamp is one of the two of the series The Russian culture of the ХХ century, designed by Drobyshev A. and issued on April 4, 2007.
• The 100th birth anniversary of A.А.Tarkovsky (1907-1989)
• The 75th birth anniversary of A.А.Tarkovsky (1932-1986) - It's on the postcard 3038

Arseny Aleksandrovich Tarkovsky (1907-1989) was a famous translator and author of wonderful, stylistically delicate, precise and deep poems. He is considered one of the great twentieth century Russian poets. His son, Andrew Arsenievich Tarkovsky (1932-1986) was a filmmaker, writer, film editor, film theorist, theatre and opera director, the author of famous films Ivan's Childhood (1962), Andrei Rublev (1966), Solaris (1972), Mirror (1975), Stalker (1979) and others. His work is characterized by long takes, unconventional dramatic structure, distinctly authored use of cinematography, and spiritual and metaphysical themes. Tarkovsky's works Andrei Rublev, Mirror, and Stalker are regularly listed among the greatest films of all time. His contribution to cinema was so influential that works done in a similar way are described as Tarkovskian.

The last stamp, designed by Drobyshev A, was issue on October 18, 2006 to mark The 165th anniversary of the savings business in Russia. Emperor Nicolas I signed an edict on establishing of Savings banks in Russia, from which the history of the present Saving banks began, in autumn, 1841. Thus the savings business in Russia was started. The first depositor of the first Savings bank Mr. N.A. Christophary is depicted in the stamp.

Tsar Cannon - Wikipedia

Sender: Anastasia / Anastasia Vadymivna (postcrossing) RU-5280605
Sent from Rostov-on-Don (Rostov Oblast / Russia), on 15.04.2017

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