October 20, 2012

0364 LATVIA (Vidzeme) - The castle from the Garden of God



Turaida Castle (in image), located at 50 km north from Riga, the capital city of Latvia, was constructed in the Brick Gothic style in 1214 under Albert, the third Bishop of Riga, instead of the destroyed wooden castle of the Livonian leader Caupo of Turaida. In the language of Livonians, Turaida means "Garden of God", and the fortress was named Fredeland, means "Land of Peace". Construction and development of the fortifications continued to the 17th century, when the castle started to lose its strategic importance. It was badly damaged by fire in 1776 and not reconstructed, and in the course of time fell into ruin. Restoration began in the 1970s and the castle is now the centrepiece of the Turaida Museum Reserve, which also includes the oldest wooden church in Vidzeme and its surrounding Livonian cemetery.

About the stamps
The first stamp is part of a set of five belonging to a very large definitive series of Latvian county and city coat of arms. With a value of 5 LVL, it depicts the coat of arms of Smiltene, a little town located in the Vidzeme region, at 150 km northeast of Riga.

The second is part of a History of Latvia Railway series, issued on 5 August 2010 and designed by Ludis Danilans.

References
Latvia - Wikipedia
Turaida Castle - Wikipedia
Turaida Castle - Turaida Muzejs


sender: Aleksandra (postcrossing)
sent from Riga (Latvia), on 10.09.2012

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