July 26, 2014
1162 UNITED STATES (Georgia) - Georgia map
Located in the southeastern United States, on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, between Florida, South Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and North Carolina, Georgia, also known as Peach State, was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. Named after King George II of Great Britain, it was the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution, but also one of the original seven Confederate states, and the last one to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. The state's capital and its most populous city is Atlanta, built in 1840 as Terminus, the "zero milepost" of Western and Atlantic Railroad. The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, a mountain range in the Appalachian Mountain system. The central Piedmont extends from the foothills to the fall line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the continental coastal plain of the southern part of the state. If Georgia were a stand-alone country, it would be the 28th largest economy in the world. The state symbols are Brown Thrasher, Cherokee Rose and White Oak, its motto is "Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation", and its song is Georgia on my mind.
Before settlement by Europeans, the area was inhabited by the mound building cultures. The British colony of Georgia was founded in 1733, and the trustees implemented an elaborate plan known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. In 1752 it became a crown colony, and was one of the Thirteen Colonies that signed the 1776 Declaration of Independence. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains, and the subsequent influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. The forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, it joined the Confederacy and became a major theater of the Civil War.
About the stamps
The first two stamps, depicting a Tiffany Lamp (1c / 2002) and a Silver Coffeepot (3c / 2005), are part of a definitives series, titled American Design (2002-2007), about which I wrote here. About the third stamp, featuring a portrait of George Washington, I wrote here.
The last is the 18th stamp in the Legends of Hollywood series, about which I wrote here. It is dedicated to Charlton Heston (1923-2008), known for tackling heroic roles in epic blockbusters (he made more than 70 films in a career that spanned seven decades). Heston won a best actor Oscar for playing the title character, Judah Ben-Hur, a Judean prince who rebels against Roman occupation during the time of Christ. The stamp features a color portrait based on a photograph taken by the actor’s wife, Lydia Clarke Heston, and issued on April 11, 2014. Designed by art director Greg Breeding, the stamp was illustrated by noted movie artist Drew Struzan.
Georgia (U.S. State) - Wikipedia
sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 17.04.2014
photo: Bev McKinney