November 12, 2017

2599, 3183, 3186, 3190, 3195 SLOVENIA (Slovene Littoral) - Piran and its inhabitants


Posted on 07.06.2016, 29.10.2017, 31.10.2017, 05.11.2017, 12.11.2017
Located in southwestern Slovenia on the Gulf of Piran on the Adriatic Sea, Piran is one of the three major towns of Slovenian Istria. The town has much medieval architecture, with narrow streets and compact houses. It was heavily influenced by the Venetian Republic and Austria-Hungary, therefore the monuments differ greatly from those in inner parts of Slovenia. The Piran town walls were constructed to protect the town from Ottoman incursions.

3183 Piran - Fisherman square, next to the town's inner port (mandracchio)

Inhabited at the beginning by Illyrian Histri tribes, the Piran peninsula was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 178 and 177 BC and settled in the following years with rural homes (villae rusticae). Incursions of Avars and Slavs at the end of the 6th century, prompted the Roman population to withdraw into easily defensible locations such as islands or peninsulas. This started local urbanisation and by the 7th century, under Byzantine rule, Piran had become heavily fortified.

3186 Piran - Fisherman repairing a fishing net

Despite the defences, the Franks conquered Istria in 788 and Slavs settled in the region. By 952, Piran had become a part of he Holy Roman Empire. During the 13th century Venice decided that it would like to have full control of the salt pans surrounding Piran, and launched a short successful war in 1282. Venetian rule lasted for over 500 years, only coming to an end in 1797 at the hands of Napoleon, but the Austrians invaded shortly thereafter, in 1813.

3190 Piran - The crier informed the townspeople about all
the important events.

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Piran was an Austro-Hungarian city with over 12,000 inhabitants, larger than the nearby Koper. It was a flourishing market and spa town with good transport connections. After WWI all of Istria came under the rule of Italy, which neglected the region leading to significant decline. Following WWII, Piran became part of Yugoslavia in 1954. It gained independence as part of the Republic of Slovenia in 1991.

3195 Piran - At the well

In 1910 Piran had 7,379 inhabitants in the town proper, 95.97% Italians and 0.09% Slovenes. In the surrounding countryside, the population was mixed, both Italian and Slovene. In 1945, the town proper had 5,035 inhabitants, 91.32% Italian and 8.54% Slovene speakers. After 1947, the ethnic composition changed radically, because a significant part of the population chose to emigrate in the final phase of the Istrian exodus, rather than stay in socialist Yugoslavia. In 1956 there were 3.574 inhabitants, 67.6% Slovene and 15.5% Italian. Even today the municipality is bilingual, both Slovene and Italian are official languages.

About the stamps
On the postcard 2599
 

The stamps are the two issued by Slovenia on May 27, 2016 for Europa Stamps 2016  - Think Green.

On the postcard 3183
The stamp is part of the series Marine Life, designed by Matjaž Učakar, and issued on September 27, 2013.
Damselfish / Chromis chromis (0.60 EUR)
Common cuttlefish / Sepia officinalis (0.64 EUR) - It's on the postcard 3183
Loggerhead sea turtle / Caretta caretta (0.92 EUR)

On the postcard 3186


The stamp is the participation of Slovenia to the 2016's issue of the EuroMed Postal Joint stamp project, Fish in the Mediterranean, designed by Matjaž Učakar and issued on July 9, 2016. Established in March 2011 with its headquarters in Malta, the Postal Union for the Mediterranean (PUMed) forms part of the Universal Postal Union, and marks the Mediterranean region as a political, economic and social area. The EuroMed Postal Joint stamp project is a commitment which is intended to be held annually. The intention behind this idea was to keep on a similar project of the Europa Stamp, wherein a theme will be chosen and all member countries will submit their design. Each member will then be free to issue the design prepared by it.  This for the exception of the first stamp issued in 2014, where all members were obliged to have the same design.

On the postcard 3190


The stamp, designed by Villa Creativa, was issued on May 29, 2015 to honor Postcrossing.

On the postcard 3195


The stamp, designed by M. Licul, was issued on April 24, 2001 to mark The 60th Anniversary of Uprising Against Occupation. Formerly Liberation Front Day, Day of Uprising Against Occupation is celebrated every year in Slovenia on 27 April, and marks the establishment in 1941 of the Anti-Imperialist Front to fight "imperialists", later renamed the Liberation Front to fight the German, Italian, Hungarian, and Croatian partition and annexation of Slovenia.

References
Piran - Wikipedia
Piran, the dream city - portoroz.si

Sender 2599: Radu Toussaint
Sent from Piran (Slovene Littoral / Slovenia), on 02.06.2016
Photo: J. Jerasa
Sender 3183, 3186, 3190, 3195: Slavica Radej (direct swap)
Sent from Brestanica (Styria / Slovenia), on 29.08.2017
Photo: Ubald Trnkoczy / Zaloznik: Katika Vukovic 

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