September 4, 2016

1067-1070, 1541, 2735 UNITED STATES (New York) - Statue of Liberty (UNESCO WHS)

1067 - Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty

Posted on 28.04.2014, 25.04.2015, 04.08.2016
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, in Manhattan. The statue, designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi built by Gustave Eiffel and dedicated on October 28, 1886, was a gift to the United States from the people of France. The statue is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. A broken chain lies at her feet.

1068 - The Statue of Liberty with Manhattan in the background

The statue is an icon of freedom and of the United States: a welcoming signal to immigrants arriving from abroad. Bartholdi was inspired by French law professor and politician Édouard René de Laboulaye, who is said to have commented in 1865 that any monument raised to American independence would properly be a joint project of the French and American peoples. He may have been minded to honor the Union victory in the American Civil War and the end of slavery.

1069 - Aerial view of the Statue of Liberty
 

This masterpiece of the human spirit, which brings together art and engineering in a new and powerful way, is composed of thinly pounded copper sheets over a steel framework, designed by the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. Its symbolic value lies in two basic factors. Presented by France with the intention of affirming the historical alliance between the two nations, it was financed by international subscription in recognition of the establishment of the principles of freedom and democracy. The Statue also soon became and has endured as a symbol of the migration of people from many countries into the United States in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries.

1070 - New York Harbor at dusk

The torch-bearing arm was displayed at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, in 1876, and in New York's Madison Square Park from 1876 to 1882. Fundraising proved difficult, especially for the Americans, and by 1885 work on the pedestal was threatened due to lack of funds. Publisher Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World started a drive for donations to complete the project that attracted more than 120,000 contributors. The statue was constructed in France, shipped overseas in crates, and assembled on the completed pedestal on what was then called Bedloe's Island.

1541 - Statue of Liberty

In 1956, Bedloe's Island was renamed Liberty Island, and nearby Ellis Island was made part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument by proclamation of President Lyndon Johnson in 1965. In 1972, the American Museum of Immigration, in the statue's base, was opened in a ceremony led by President Richard Nixon. The museum's backers never provided it with an endowment to secure its future and it closed in 1991 after the opening of an immigration museum on Ellis Island.

2735 The 130th Anniversary of
the Statue of Liberty

In 1984, the statue was closed to the public for the duration of the renovation. The torch, found to have been leaking water since the 1916 alterations, was replaced with an exact replica of Bartholdi's unaltered torch. It reflects the sun's rays in daytime and lighted by floodlights at night. The entire puddled iron armature designed by Gustave Eiffel was replaced. Low-carbon corrosion-resistant stainless steel bars that now hold the staples next to the skin are made of Ferralium, an alloy that bends slightly and returns to its original shape as the statue moves.

About the stamps
The stamp on postcards 1067-1070 is a Global Forever First-Class Mail International stamp, about which I wrote here.

The first stamps on the postcard 1541 are part of the set A scene in Colorado, 150 million years ago, which is part of the series The World of Dinosaurs, about which I wrote here.


The last stamp, depicting Reticulate Collared Lizard, is part of the series Reptiles & Amphibians, issued on October 7, 2003. These stamps (all with the same face values, 37c) depict five colorful reptiles and amphibians that are appreciated for much more then just their beauty. They create a healthier environment by hunting and eating rodents and insects which helps control the rodent and insect population.
Scarlet King Snake (reptile) - it's on other postcard
Ornate Chorus Frog (amphibian) - it's on other postcard
Reticulate Collared Lizard (reptile) - it's on the postcard
Blue Spotted Salamander (amphibian)
Ornate Box Turtle (reptile)

On the postcard 2735


During the last philatelic exhibition "Paris-Philex", the French Post has released on May 20, 2016, a stamp collector (4 permanent "World" identical stamps - € 1.25 currently) devoted to the 130th anniversary of the inauguration of the Statue of Liberty. Designed by the Agency "Huitième Jour", this collector (selling price : € 10) was printed only at 5,020 copies. The same agency also designed the postcard (€ 2, print run : 3,520) published for this occasion, including the same illustration as the one featured on these 4 stamps.

References
Statue of Liberty - Wikipedia
Statue of Liberty - UNESCO official website

Sender 1067-1070, 1541, 2735: Denise 
1067: Sent from Jericho (New York / United States), on 31.12.2013
Photo: Masterfile
1068: Sent from Jericho (New York / United States), on 31.12.2013
Photo: H. Sund
1069: Sent from Jericho (New York / United States), on 31.12.2013
Photo: Stephanie Izzo
1070: Sent from Jericho (New York / United States), on 01.04.2014
Photo: Stephanie Izzo
1541: Sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 07.03.2015
2735: Bought from World Stamp Show-NY 2016 (Javis Center, New York City, United States) and sent from France

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