January 7, 2018

3237 UNITED STATES (Ohio) - Cincinnati

Founded in 1788 at the north side of the confluence of the Licking River to the Ohio, Cincinnati was an American boomtown in the heart of the country, rivaling the larger coastal cities in size and wealth. Throughout much of the 19th century it was listed among the top 10 U.S. cities by population, and between 1840 and 1860 was the sixth-biggest. As it was the first city founded after the American Revolution as well as the first major inland city in the country, it is thought of as the first purely "American" City.

Named at the beginning Losantiville, in 1790, the governor of the Northwest Territory changed its name to Cincinnati in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati, made up of Revolutionary War veterans. Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus, dictator in the early Roman Republic who saved Romans from crisis, retired to farming because he didn't want to rule. Now, with a population of 298,800, Cincinnati holds only the 65th-biggest in the United States, but it has the fastest growing economic power of the Midwestern.

The introduction of steamboats on the Ohio in 1811 opened up its trade to more rapid shipping, and the city established commercial ties with St. Louis, Missouri and especially New Orleans downriver, exporting mainly pork products and hay. From 1810 to 1830 its population nearly tripled, in 1850 reaching 115,000 persons. The city had a labor shortage until large waves of immigration by Irish and Germans in the late 1840s. During this period, residents of Cincinnati began referring to the city as the Queen City.

After the steamboats, railroads were the next major form of commercial transportation to come to Cincinnati. In 1859, it laid out six streetcar lines, with cars pulled by horses. In 1884 occurred the Courthouse riots, one of the most destructive riots in American history. Cincinnati weathered the Great Depression better than most American cities of its size, largely because of a resurgence in river trade, which was less expensive than transporting goods by rail.

The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge spans the Ohio River between Cincinnati and Covington, Kentucky. When opened on December 1, 1866, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world at 322m main span. Cincinnati is home to numerous embankments that are noteworthy due to their architectural characteristics or historic associations, as well as the Carew Tower, the Scripps Center, the Ingalls Building, Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal, and the Isaac M. Wise Temple.

About the stamps
About the first stamp, issued to mark The 100th Anniversary of the Birth of John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963, I wrote here.

The last stamp is the 16th stamp in the Distinguished Americans series, and was issued on April 11, 2017 to honor Robert Panara. The 2-ounce stamp features a photograph of Panara taken in 2009 by Mark Benjamin, official NTID photographer. Panara is shown signing the word "respect." Ethel Kessler was the art director. This Forever stamp will always be equal in value to the current First-Class Mail 2-ounce price. The current price is 70-cents. Robert F. Panara (1920-2014) was a poet, a professor and a co-founder of the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) and the National Theater of the Deaf. Panara is considered to be a pioneer in deaf culture studies in the United States.

Cincinnati - Wikipedia

Sender: Cathy / felicityhope (postcrossing) US-5048541
Sent from Cincinnati (Ohio / United States), on 06.12.2017 

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