December 27, 2016

2920 UNITED STATES (Oklahoma) - Dixon Palmer and his daughter

2920 Dixon Palmer showing his daughter, Linda,
a Buffalo hide.

The Kiowas are a tribe of Native Americans, which migrated from western Montana southward into the Rocky Mountains in Colorado in the 17th and 18th centuries, and finally into the Southern Plains by the early 19th century. In 1867, the Kiowa were moved to a reservation in southwestern Oklahoma. Today they are federally recognized as Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma with headquarters in Carnegie, Oklahoma. The Kiowa language (Cáuijògà) is still spoken today and is part of the Tanoan language family. As of 2011, there are 12,000 members.

The Kiowa were patrilineal with a chiefdom living in semi-sedentary structures. They were hunters and gatherers, meaning they did not live in one area long enough to grow plants or crops, but did trade with sedentary tribes that grew crops. The Kiowas migrated with the American bison because it was their main food source along with an abundant supply of antelope, deer, wild berries, wild fruit, turkeys and other wild game. With the introduction of the horse the Kiowa revolutionized their economy and when they arrived on the Plains they were a fully mounted warrior nation.

Before the introduction of horses bison were hunted on foot and required the hunter to get as close as possible to their target. Occasionally the skins of wolves or coyotes were worn to hide their approach towards the bison herds. Hunting bison became far easier after the Kiowa acquired horses. Bison were hunted on horseback with bows and arrows, as well as long lances used to pierce the heart of the animals. Bison meat was eaten roasted, boiled, and dried.

Dixon Palmer was a Kiowa artist from Oklahoma leader of the Black Leggings Warrior Society. He was known for making replicas of historical tepees, and his work was featured at the Southern Plains Indian Museum in Anadarko. In a 2003 interview, Palmer said he had made nearly 300 tepees during his life. A tepee is a cone-shaped tent, traditionally made of animal skins upon wooden poles, and is distinguished from other conical tents by the smoke flaps at the top of the structure. Palmer died in 2011, at 90, in Anadarko.

About the stamps
The first stamp, dedicated to Shirley Temple, is part of the series Legends of Hollywood, about which I wrote here. Shirley Temple was an American actress, singer, dancer, businesswoman and diplomat most notable as Hollywood's number one box-office star from 1935 to 1938. As an adult, she was named United States ambassador to Ghana and to Czechoslovakia and also served as Chief of Protocol of the United States.

The third stamp is part of the series Harry Potter, about which I wrote here. The last stamp, dedicated to Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970), is part of the series Music Icons, about which I wrote here

Kiowa - Wikipedia
Kiowa artist Dixon Palmer dies at 90 in Oklahoma -

Sender: Denise
Sent from Western Nassau (New York / United States), on 01.11.2016

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