March 7, 2016

0614, 2308, 2357 AUSTRIA (Salzburg) - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (UNESCO WHS)

0614 Salzburg: 1. Friedhof zu St. Peter (St. Peter's Cemetery);
2. Hofstallgasse (Hofstall Alley); 3. Mozartplatz (Mozart Square);
4. Residenzbrunnen; 5. Pferdeschwemme (Horse Well);
6. Getreidegasse (Grain Lane); 7. Mozarts Geburtshaus
(Mozart's Birthplace); 8. Makartsteg (Makart Bridge);
9. Mirabellgarten (Mirabel Gardens); 10. Dom (Cathedral).

Posted on 25.04.2013, 19.02.2016, 07.03.2016
As many other cities from Central Europe, Salzburg (Salt Fortress), located on the banks of the Salzach River, at the northern boundary of the Alps, was founded as a Celtic settlement, later developed by the Romans, under the name Juvavum. By the late 7th century it had become a "near ruin", but it began to rebirth in the 8th-century primarily due to trade on the river. Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century and lasted five centuries, till in the 19th century, when the city was annexed by the Austrian Empire (later Austria-Hungary).

2308 Salzburg - The old town with the fortress

Anyway, Salzburg has emerged intact from history, a Baroque town which owes much of its appearance to the architects Vincenzo Scamozzi and Santino Solari. Being considered the point where the Italian and German cultures met, influencing each other,  the Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg become an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. Salzburg’s most famous son was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, whose name is closely associated with the city. The Salzburg Festival is a prominent festival of music and drama established in 1920, which takes place each summer.

2357 Salzburg - Mozart's birthplace

Friedhof zu St. Peter (St. Peter's Cemetery) - the oldest cemetery in the city. Its origins date back to about 700, when was established St. Peter's Abbey, and was closed down in 1878. Into the rock of the Festungsberg were carved catacombs, that may date from the Early Christian days. Hofstallgasse (Hofstall Alley) - a street in Old Town, in the festival area, which connects the Max Reinhardt Square with the Herbert von Karajan Platz. Since the Mozart year 2006, it has a "golden" pavement. Mozartplatz (Mozart Square) - a square placed in the heart of the Old Town, known for the Mozart memorial by Ludwig Schwanthaler, opened in 1842.

Residenzbrunnen - a grand baroque fountain, placed in the midle of the Residenzplatz (Residenz Square) and executed by Tomasso di Garona between 1656 to 1661. It's made of marble, and it's considered the largest baroque fountain of Middle Europe. Pferdeschwemme (Horse Well) - a well designed and built in 1693 by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach in the course of building the facade for the royal stables. The "Horse Tamer" by Michael Bernhard Mandl once stood in an oval basin axial to the portal of the royal stables. Getreidegasse (Grain Lane) - a busy shopping street in Old Town. The house at no. 9 is the place where Mozart was born and where he lived until the age of 17.

Mozarts Geburtshaus (Mozart's Birthplace) - the house where Mozart family lived for 26 years, Getreidegasse 9, on the third floor. The building is named after the merchant and toy dealer who owned it, and now is, of course, museum. Makartsteg (Makart Bridge) - a bridge over the Salzach River, named after the 19th century Historicist painter Hans Makart, and open only for pedestrians and cyclists. The current bridge, the third built on this place, is the most modern in the city centre. Mirabellgarten (Mirabel Gardens) - the geometrically-arranged gardens of the Mirabell Palace, built about 1606, and rebuilt in the lavish Baroque style from 1710.

Dom (Cathedral) - founded by Saint Rupert in 774, rebuilt in 1181 after a fire, and again rebuilt in the 17th century, in the Baroque style. Cathedral still contains the baptismal font in which Mozart was baptized. Festung Hohensalzburg (Hohensalzburg Castle) sits atop the small hill Festungsberg. Erected at the behest of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg with a length of 250m and a width of 150m, it is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe. Its construction began in 1077 and gradually expanded during the following centuries.

About the stamps
On the postcard 0614
The stamp, depicting Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, is part of a definite series dedicated to the modern austrian architecture, obout which I wrote here.

On the postcard 2308


The stamp, designed by Dieter Kraus and issued on November 27, 2015, is Christmas 2015 - Salzburg-Liefering, the Birth of Christ.


On the postcard are also two ATM labels, Gift table / gingerbread, with imprint PHILATELIE.SHOP, issued on November 27 2015.

On the postcard 2357
The first stamp, depicting Bergkirche (Eisenstadt), is part of the series Impressions from Austria, about which I wrote here. The second is an ATM label, Gift table / gingerbread, with imprint PHILATELIE.SHOP, about which I. wrote above.


The last stamp, Christmas - The Winged Altar of Gampern, Retable, was designed by Dieter Kraus and was issued on Noiembrie 13, 2015.

References
Salzburg - Wikipedia
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - UNESCO official website
Salzburg - Visit Salzburg
Sights in Salzburg - Salzburg, Stage of the World

Sender 0614: Ana
Sent from Salzburg (Salzburg / Austria) on 10.08.2012
Sender 2308: Denise
Sent from Salzburg (Salzburg / Austria) on 27.11.2015
Sender 2357: Denise
Sent from Salzburg (Salzburg / Austria) on 29.11.2015

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