November 11, 2015

2025 UNITED STATES (Kansas) - Kansas map

Located in the Midwestern United States and bordered by  Nebraska, Missouri, Oklahoma and Colorado, Kansas was named after the Kansa Native American tribe which inhabited the area. Its capital city is Topeka, and its largest city is Wichita, known as "The Air Capital of the World". The western two-thirds of the state, lying in the great central plain of the United States, has a generally flat surface, while the eastern third has many hills and forests.

Nearly 121km of the state's northeastern boundary is defined by the Missouri River. The Kansas River joins the Missouri River at Kansas City, after a course of 270km across the northeastern part of the state. Today, Kansas is one of the most productive agricultural states, its Eastern part belonging to the Grain Belt, an area of major grain production in the central United States. It ranks 8th in U.S. oil production, and also in natural gas production.

For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the Eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the Western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the US as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Southwest Kansas was still a part of Spain, Mexico and the Republic of Texas until the conclusion of the Mexican-American War in 1848.

From 1812 to 1821, Kansas was part of the Missouri Territory. It was first settled by European Americans in the 1830s, but the pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s. When it was opened to settlement by the U.S. government in 1854, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from Missouri rushed to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a free state or a slave state, and these forces collided (Bleeding Kansas).

The abolitionists eventually prevailed and on January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the Union as a free state. After the Civil War, the population of Kansas grew rapidly when waves of immigrants turned the prairie into farmland. The Chisholm Trail was opened and the Wild West-era commenced. Wild Bill Hickok was a deputy marshal at Fort Riley and a marshal at Hays and Abilene. Dodge City was another wild cowboy town, and both Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp worked as lawmen in the town.

In one year alone, 8 million head of cattle from Texas boarded trains in Dodge City bound for the East, earning Dodge the nickname "Queen of the Cowtowns." In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U.S. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, which was only repealed in 1948.

About the stamps
The first two stamps are the ones issued in 2014 for the series Civil War Sesquicentennial. Defining moments from the war-torn years of 1861 to 1865, the series was issued around the time of the Civil War’s 150th anniversary, two stamps every year between 2011 and 2015.
The Civil War 1861
2011.04.11 - Bombardment of Fort Sumter
2011.04.11 - The Capture of Rickett’s Battery
The Civil War 1862
2012.04.24 - The Naval Triumph on the Mississippi
2012.04.24 - The Battle of Antietam

The Civil War 1863
2013.05.23 - The Battle of Gettysburg - It's on the postcard 2255
2013.05.23 - The Battle of Vicksburg - It's on the postcard 2255

The Civil War 1864
2014.07.30 - The Assault on Petersburg - It's on the postcard 2025
2014.07.30 - The Battle of Mobile Bay - It's on the postcard 2025
The Civil War 1865
2015.04.09 - The Battle of Five Forks
2015.04.09 - Robert E. Lee’s surrender to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House

About the third stamp, depicting the president Abraham Lincoln, I wrote here

The last, the 5-cent blue stamp depicting George Washington, was issued on February 22, 1966, in Washington, D.C. In addition, the stamp was produced as a horizontal coil and issued September 8, 1966, in Cincinnati, Ohio. The stamp was designed by Bill Hyde after a portrait by Rembrandt Peale which is displayed at the National Gallery of Art. Charles A. Brooks engraved the vignette, and William R. Burnell engraved the lettering. Criticism of the stamp led to a new engraved version, which was issued November 17, 1967.
Kansas - Wikipedia

Sender: Denise 
Sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 27.09.2014

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