July 20, 2016
2656 RUSSIA (Republic of Karelia / Arkhangelsk Oblast) - Vodlozersky National Park
Created in 1991 to protect coniferous forests (taiga) of the Northern Russia, Vodlozersky National Park has, since 2001, the status of a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. The park area includes Lake Vodlozero, the river basin of the Ileksa, the main inflow of the lake, and the upper course of the Vodla, the outflow. Swamps cover about 40% of the area of the park, but the northern part is hilly, with the hills up to 20m. Almost the whole area is covered by woods. Of these, 53.5% are spruce forests, 44.1% are pine forests, and about 2% are birch (Betula pubescens and Betula pendula) and aspen forests.
First people settled in the area in the prehistoric time, around 6-8 thousands years BC. Russians (Novgorodians) colonized the lake area when they were looking for trade routes leading to the White Sea. Lake Vodlozero was one of the points on the route which further lead to the Onega River, and it was colonizes in 14th-15th century. There are several dozens monuments of wooden architecture located in the park, the most prominent one being Ilyinsky Pogost, an ensemble of a wooden church surrounded by a wall.
About the stamps
The first two stamps are part of a definitive series about which I wrote here. The last stamp is part of a series dedicated to Russian Kremlins, about which I wrote here.
Vodlozersky National Park - Wikipedia
Sender: Max Maksimov (direct swap)
Sent from Petrozavodsk (Republic of Karelia / Russia), on 04.07.2016
Photo: Vladimira Larionova