July 5, 2014

1106, 1126 CROATIA (Split-Dalmatia) - Historic City of Trogir (UNESCO WHS)


Posted on 19.06.2014, 05.07.2014
Located on a small island between the Croatian mainland and the island of Čiovo, on the Adriatic coast, at 27km west of the city of Split, the historic city of Trogir is an excellent example of a medieval town built on and conforming with the layout of a Hellenistic and Roman city that has conserved its urban fabric to an exceptional degree. The ancient town of Tragurion (island of goats) was founded by Greek colonists from the island of Vis in the 3rd century BC. The Hellenistic town was enclosed by megalithic walls and its streets were laid out on a Hippodamian grid plan: the line of the ancient cardo maximus is that of the modern main street. The town flourished in the Roman period as an oppidum civium romanorum; during the late Roman period it was extended and refortified. It was also endowed with two large aisled basilicas, sited where the latter-day Cathedral and Benedictine Church of St John the Baptist now stand.

 

During the migration of Slavs, the citizens of the destroyed Salona escaped to Trogir. In the second half of the 9th century Trogir became part of the Byzantine Theme of Dalmatia, with its capital at Zadar, and it was occupied by Venice at the end of the 10th century. Early medieval Trogir expanded to the south and new fortifications were constructed. At the beginning of the 12th century Trogir accepted Hungarian rule when the Theme of Dalmatia was overrun. There was a short period of Venetian rule in the early 14th century, but it was not until 1420 that the town became part of the Venetian empire. Between the 13th and 15th centuries much new building took place, this period seeing the construction of the Cathedral and the Camerlengo fortress, a radical remodelling of the main square, and two campaigns of reconstruction and strengthening of the fortifications.

Trogir is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. Trogir's grandest building is the church of St. Lawrence, whose main west portal is a masterpiece by Radovan, and the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia.

About the stamps
On the first postcard
The first stamp (1,6 HRK), designed by Fan Zeng (modern master of traditional Chinese painting), was issued on January 4, 2012, to celebrate the Year of Dragon.

The second stamp is part of the series Croatian Flora - Endem Orchids, designed by Sabina Rešić, and issued on April 11, 2014:
Ophrys dinarica (2,8 HRK)
Serapias istriaca (2,8 HRK)
Ophrys liburnica (3,1 HRK) - it's on the postcard

On the second postcard


The stamp is part of the series Croatia Undersea World, designed by Alenka Lalić, issued on April 9, 2014, and comprising 4 stamps with same face value (5,8 HRK):
• Ornate wrasse a / Thalassoma pavo - it's on other postcard
• The golden sponge / Aplysina aerophoba - it's on other postcard
• European fan worm / Sabella spallanzanii - it's on other postcard
• Mediterranean violet aeolid / Flabellina affinis - it's on the postcard

References
Trogir - Wikipedia
Historic City of Trogir - UNESCO official website

Sender: Dragan Buškulić (direct swap)
sent from Rijeka (Primorje-Gorski Kotar / Croatia), on 02.06.2014
Sender: Marius Vasilescu
sent from Trogir (Split-Dalmatia / Croatia), on 26.06.2014 

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