September 13, 2016

2749 ROMANIA (Hunedoara) - Peasants from Orăştie in the fields, in 1900


Located near the place where Orăştie River discharges into the Mureş, not far from the heart of the Dacian Kingdom, from which survived until today the ruins of Dacian fortresses, Orăştie was documented for the first time in 1224, but there is archaeological evidence proving that the area was inhabited since Neolithic. The traditional costume in this area congealed as a costume of hilly area, suffering significant changes over time, being influenced by the mountain costume, which presents several pastoral elements.

The traditional clothing, both for women and for men, pursues the silhouette of the body, being slightly wider, which gives it a relaxed air. While men's clothes was maintained on traditional line, the women's clothes has been gradually replaced after WWI by the costume specific to the area of Sibiu. The traditional female costume consisted of a long shirt, with an apron in front and rear (catrinţă), tight around the waist with a thong (brăciră).

The shirt, once woven from hemp, then from cotton, have long and loose sleeves, wrinkled, and under the armpits was added a triangular piece of cloth (broşchiţă), that allowed the easy movement of the arms. On weekdays was worn a simple apron, made of hemp, with horizontal stripes. The back was narrower than the front. On holidays, or when it was cooler, was wore a short vest (pieptar), made from a single leather, richly decorated with floral motifs, having on chest the solar symbol.

Costume manly consisted of a pair of tight trousers from wool (cioareci) in winter, and in summer were from a thinner fabric (nădragi) and a wide shirt from hemp, which was worn over trousers, tight at the waist with a belt wide of 30-40 cm, from leather, closed with two buckles and endowed with pockets in which were kept money, the penknife, the flint and other personal objects. Over shirt, the men also wore pieptar. On head, they wore a small round hat (colop), made from straw or cloth, and standing opanak (opinci).

Leopold Adler (1848-1924), author of the photo, was one of the most prolific photographers in Romania, who fixed on film figures in everyday life. Born in Nusle, near Prague (then in the Austrian Empire), he moved in 1872 in Braşov (then in Austria-Hungary), where he began practicing photography, along with his two brothers. After a while, brothers parted, but Leopold continued to work as a photographer in Braşov (since 1919 in Romania), becoming famous for the portraits and landscapes of Transylvania.

About the stamps
The first stamp is part of the series Flowers' Clock I, about which I wrote here.

The stamp is one of the series Solemn Year of the Parish and Monastery Mission Today, designed by Vlad Vămăşescu and issued on August 15, 2015. To pay homage to this event in particular, Romfilatelia dedicates a postage stamp issue to the Nicula Monastery and to the pilgrimage to the miraculous icon of the Virgin Mary located in this holy place.

The third stamp is part of the series Guilds of Brasov, issued on February 25, 1995. The last stamp is part of the series The 20th Century, issued on December 22, 1998.

References
Câteva piese reprezentative ale portului popular românesc din zona Orăştiei, de la Muzeul de Etnografie şi Artă Populară Orăştie, de Daniela Şendroiu (rom) - Sargetia website
Leopold Adler (rom) - Wikipedia

Sender: Carmen Ionescu
Sent from Bucureşti (Bucureşti / Romania), on 09.09.2016
Photo: Leopold Adler / 1900

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