September 25, 2016

2772 ITALY (Campania) - Mount Vesuvius

2772 Vesuvius in 1941

Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, about 9km east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is one of volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc, and consists of a large cone partially encircled by the steep rim of a summit caldera caused by the collapse of an earlier much higher structure. It is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and several other settlements. Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years.

Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world. The eruption of April 5, 1906, killed more than 100 people and ejected the most lava ever recorded from a Vesuvian eruption. The last major eruption was in March 1944. It destroyed the villages of San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, Massa di Somma, Ottaviano, and part of San Giorgio a Cremano.

About the stamp
The stamp is a Global Forever one, depicting The Moon, about whixch I wrote here.

About the postcmark


On the postcard was applied a stamp of U.S. Navy on October 19, 1943 (during WWII), and also a censorship stamps.

Mount Vesuvius - Wikipedia

Sender 1: Winfiel N. Devoe (U.S. Navy)
Sent from Napoli (Campania / Italy), on 19.10.1943 - 18 days after British and American forces entered the city (01.10.1943), to New Jersey   
Sender 2: Denise
Sent from Western Nassau (New York / United States), on 16.06.2016

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