|1681 Obtossaway, an Ojibwe Chief, 1903|
Posted on 19.06.2015, 24.06.2015, 13.11.2015, 21.08.2016, 08.10.2016, 15.10.2016
The Ojibwe (or Chippewa) are a large group of First Nations and Native Americans in Canada and the United States. In Canada, they are the second-largest population among First Nations, surpassed only by the Cree, and in the United States they have the fourth-largest population among Native American tribes, surpassed only by the Navajo, Cherokee and Lakota. They are a major component group of the Anishinaabe-speaking peoples, a branch of the Algonquian language family. The Anishinaabe peoples include the Algonquin, Nipissing, Oji-Cree, Odawa and the Potawatomi.
|1688 Arrowmaker, an Ojibwe Brave, 1903|
Because many Ojibwe were formerly located around the outlet of Lake Superior, called Sault Ste. Marie by the French colonists, they referred to the Ojibwe as Saulteurs. Ojibwe who subsequently moved to the prairie provinces of Canada have retained the name Saulteaux. Ojibwe who were originally located along the Mississagi River and made their way to southern Ontario are known as the Mississaugas. The majority of the Ojibwe peoples live in Canada. There are 77,940 mainline Ojibwe; 76,760 Saulteaux and 8,770 Mississaugas, organized in 125 bands, and living from western Quebec to eastern British Columbia. Ojibwe in the U.S. number over 56,440, living in an area stretching across the northern tier from New York west to Montana.
|2695 Two Chippewa Maidens |
in Eau Claire (Wisconsin), cca. 1950
The Ojibwe are historically known for their crafting of birch bark canoes, their sacred birch bark scrolls, the use of cowrie shells for trading, the cultivation of wild rice, and the use of copper arrow points. They live in groups (otherwise known as "bands"). Most Ojibwe, except for the Great Plains bands, lived a sedentary lifestyle, engaging in fishing and hunting to supplement the women's cultivation of numerous varieties of maize and squash, and the harvesting of manoomin (wild rice). They developed a form of pictorial writing, used in religious rites of the Midewiwin and recorded on birch bark scrolls and possibly on rock.
|2807 A Chippewa maiden|
The Ojibwe people were divided into a number of odoodeman (clans; singular: doodem) named primarily for animals and birds totems (pronounced doodem). Traditionally, they had a patrilineal system, in which children were considered born to the father's clan. For this reason, children with French or English fathers were considered outside the clan and Ojibwe society unless adopted by an Ojibwe male. The Ojibwe have a number of spiritual beliefs passed down by oral tradition under the Midewiwin teachings. Teaching lodges are common today to teach the next generations about the language and ancient ways of the past. The traditional ways, ideas, and teachings are preserved and practiced in such living ceremonies.
|2825 Chippewa in Hayward, Wisconsin|
Shingabawossin (from the Ojibwe: zhingaabewasin - "image stone") (c. 1763 - c. 1830) was an Ojibwa chief (of the Crane doodem) about Sault Ste. Marie, formerly a single settlement from 1668 to 1817, then a cross-border region in Canada and the United States. He was the grandson of Gi-chi-o-jee-de-bun and the oldest of the nine son of Naid-o-sa-gee's family, consisting of about 20 children in all from four wives. Chief Shingabawossin had one wife and twelve children.
|2032 Chief Shingabawossin, 1826|
He participated in the 1783 Battle of St. Croix Falls, under the leadership of La Pointe Chief Waubojeeg. During the War of 1812, he was enlisted by the British to fight against the Americans and went to York to join Tecumseh's War. He was prominent during the first quarter of the 19th century, thus taking part as a signatory to the important treaties. Often, he was the leading speaker and usually the most important person among the Ojibwa delegates.
About the stamps
On the postcard 1681
About the first stamp (Birds of a Feather) I don't know anything (maybe it's not even a stamp). About the second, featuring a portrait of George Washington, I wrote here. The third and the fourth are part of the definitives series American Design (2002-2007), about which I wrote here.
• Western meadowlark / Sturnella neglecta - It's on the postcard 2169
• Mountain bluebird / Sialia currucoides - It's on the postcard 2024
• Western tanager / Piranga ludoviciana - It's on the postcard 1681
• Painted bunting / Passerina ciris - It's on the postcard 2024
• American goldfinch / Spinus tristis - It's on the postcard 2547
• Evening grosbeak / Coccothraustes vespertinus - It's on the postcard 2169
• Scarlet tanager / Piranga olivacea - It's on the postcard 1681
• Baltimore oriole / Icterus galbula - It's on the postcard 2196
• Rose-breasted grosbeak / Pheucticus ludovicianus - It's on the postcard 2547
On the postcard 1688
About the first stamp, depicting the president Abraham Lincoln, I wrote here. The second stamp, Neon Celebrate!, was issued on March 6, 2011 The third stamp, dedicated to Ray Charles (1930-2004), is part of the series Music Icons, about which I wrote here.
On the postcard 2032
The first stamp is part of the definitives series American Design (2002-2007), about which I wrote here. The second stamp, showing the countryside of Lancaster County (Pennsylvania), is part of the Scenic American Landscapes series, about which I wrote here.
On the postcard 2695
Two of the stamps are part of the series Vintage Circus Posters, about which I wrote here.The third stamp is part of the definitives series American Design (2002-2007), about which I wrote here. About the last stamp, featuring a portrait of George Washington, I wrote here.
On the postcard 2807 and 2825
The stamps are part of the series Soda Fountain Favorites, issued on June 30 2016:
• double-scoop ice cream cone - It's on the postcard 2825
• egg cream - It's on the postcard 2807
• banana split - It's on the postcard 2807
• root beer float - It's on the postcard 2825
• hot fudge sundae - It's on the postcard 2807
Ojibwe - Wikipedia
Ojibwe History - tolatsga.org
Sender 1681, 1688: Denise
1681: Sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 22.04.2014
1688: Sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 25.07.2014
Sender 2032: Papa Plus (direct swap)
Sent from Somers Point (New Jersey / United States), on 01.02.2013
A portrait by Charles Bird King after James Otto Lewis, 1826 (From Thomas McKenney and James Hall, History of the Indian Tribes of North America).
Sender 2695: Denise
Sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 30.11.2015
Sender 2807: Denise
Sent from Greenvale (New York / United States), on 27.09.2016
Sender 2825: Denise
Sent from Western Nassau (New York / United States), on 27.09.2016